Adam Kolton, an environmentalist and longtime defender of the Arctic Nationwide Wildlife Refuge in Alaska towards oil and gasoline improvement, died on April 26 at a hospital in Bethesda, Md. He was 53 and lived in Bethesda.
The trigger was most cancers, his spouse, Laura, mentioned.
By his work with two Washington, D.C.-based conservation teams, the Alaska Wilderness League and the Nationwide Wildlife Federation, Mr. Kolton was on the forefront of the struggle to guard the refuge, a pristine wilderness the scale of South Carolina that has lengthy been prized by oil firms and Alaska lawmakers.
A part of the refuge alongside the Arctic Ocean — a coastal plain frequented by polar bears, migrating caribou and different wildlife — is believed to lie over billions of barrels of oil.
Through the years, Mr. Kolton pursued his aim with members of Congress and White Home officers of each events. In frequent visits to Alaska, he additionally labored with Native teams, together with the Gwich’in, who stay close to the refuge.
“He was the mastermind of the technique for Arctic protection for 20 years,” mentioned Collin O’Mara, president of the Nationwide Wildlife Federation, the place Mr. Kolton labored from 2002 to 2017. “His fingerprints had been on the whole lot.”
The Alaska Wilderness League employed Mr. Kolton in 1997, and a number of other years later helped beat again efforts by congressional Republicans, supported by the administration of President George W. Bush, to permit exploratory drilling for oil and gasoline within the coastal plain.
At one level Republicans tried to insert a drilling provision right into a funds invoice. That went nowhere as a result of some average Republicans favored holding the refuge protected.
Mr. Kolton remained cautious, involved that Republicans would possibly strive “sneaking” a provision into different laws, as he informed The New York Occasions. “There are sadly quite a few methods they may attempt to defy the desire of the American individuals,” he mentioned.
Adam Michael Kolton was born on Feb. 20, 1968, in Chicago and raised in Westfield, N.J., the place his mom, Carol (Abt) Kolton, was a social employee and his father, Chet Kolton, was president of a plastics and packaging producer. Adam graduated from the College of Wisconsin, majoring in historical past and journalism.
Along with his spouse, he’s survived by his dad and mom; a sister, Lisa Kolton; and two sons, Samuel and Jacob.
It was throughout a summer time in faculty that Mr. Kolton first developed a love for the outside, when he took a job as a busboy at a lodge in Yellowstone Nationwide Park. He later wrote that whereas he had disliked the work, “the reward was having the ability to take practically three days off every week to expertise this mesmerizing panorama, its wildlife, geothermal options and extra.”
His first brush with Congress, nevertheless, concerned baseball, not the setting. A rabid fan of the New York Mets since boyhood, and alarmed by the excessive value of watching video games, within the early Nineties he and a good friend shaped what he boldly described as “the most important nonprofit fan advocacy group within the nation.” (Which was correct, though it had solely 3,000 members.)
Then got here the 1994 baseball strike and a canceled season. Mr. Kolton was invited to testify at a Home listening to on revoking baseball’s longstanding exemption from antitrust legal guidelines, which he considered as a “big permission slip” to let workforce homeowners deal with followers with disdain.
Sitting with different witnesses, together with Bud Selig, the baseball commissioner, Mr. Kolton informed the Home panel that it was irritating to continuously hear that the exemption was a matter of significance solely to homeowners and gamers. “Mr. Chairman,” he intoned, with a confidence belying his younger age, “this can be a public coverage concern of overwhelming concern to the American individuals.”
Inside a couple of years the Arctic refuge, and defending it, grew to become his obsession. In a 2001 article in The Occasions saying their marriage ceremony, Ms. Kolton described her first encounter with the person who would turn out to be her husband, at a New 12 months’s Eve celebration in New York three years earlier than.
“We began speaking politics, and he gave me his greatest pitch on the necessity to defend the Arctic Nationwide Wildlife Refuge,” Ms. Kolton informed The Occasions. He talked about some laws, and though she wasn’t conversant in it, she “performed alongside as a result of I assumed he was cute.”
Mr. Kolton left the Wilderness League in 2002 for the Nationwide Wildlife Federation and finally grew to become its vp for nationwide advocacy. Along with the refuge, he labored on defending public lands elsewhere, on reforming the insurance policies of the Military Corps of Engineers and different points.
He returned to the Wilderness League, as government director, in 2017 — in time to see his 2001 issues about “sneaking” a drilling provision into laws turn out to be actuality. Republicans, backed by President Donald J. Trump’s administration, included in Congress’s sweeping 2017 tax invoice language establishing a program to promote oil and gasoline leases on the coastal plain. The laws handed each chambers.
Mr. Kolton knew that “the politics of the Arctic are so precarious,” mentioned Tom Campion, a longtime Wilderness League board member. “You’ve obtained to win each time. You lose as soon as and it’s over.”
Though this time it wasn’t fairly over. Ever the optimist, Mr. Kolton, together with different environmentalists, stored up the struggle. The Wilderness League was one in every of a lot of teams that sued the Trump administration, arguing that environmental critiques of the impression of a lease sale had been rushed and defective. And Mr. Kolton was instrumental in growing a brand new technique to hold drilling rigs out of the refuge, Mr. Mara mentioned, by pressuring banks to not lend cash to grease firms for tasks there.
A lease sale was finally held within the waning days of the Trump White Home. However with many authorized questions in regards to the course of nonetheless unresolved, and President Biden against drilling within the refuge, the realm stays off limits to the rigs for now.
Consultant Jared Huffman, a California Democrat who has led a lot of the congressional opposition to improvement within the refuge, mentioned Mr. Kolton had “understood that defending the refuge concerned the complete suite of instruments, together with public opinion and advocacy in Congress and within the courts.
“His considerate and relentless work,” he mentioned, “is a giant cause why, regardless of infinite strain to open up these areas to grease and gasoline improvement, it hasn’t occurred but.”