Jacques d’Amboise, who shattered stereotypes about male dancers as he helped popularize ballet in America and have become one of the vital distinguished male stars at New York Metropolis Ballet, died on Sunday at his dwelling in Manhattan. He was 86.
His daughter, the actress and dancer Charlotte d’Amboise, mentioned the trigger was issues of a stroke.
Mr. d’Amboise embodied the perfect of an all-American fashion that mixed the nonchalant class of Fred Astaire with the classicism of the danseur noble. He was the primary male star to emerge from Metropolis Ballet’s affiliated College of American Ballet, becoming a member of the corporate’s corps on the age of 15 in 1949, and his expansive presence and flexibility have been central to the corporate’s identification in its first many years.
He had 24 roles choreographed for him and have become the foremost interpreter of the title position in George Balanchine’s seminal “Apollo” earlier than retiring from the corporate in 1984, just a few months shy of his fiftieth birthday. He additionally choreographed 17 works for Metropolis Ballet, in addition to many items for the scholars of Nationwide Dance Institute, a program he based and directed.
Mr. d’Amboise’s power, athleticism, infectious smile (which the critic Arlene Croce as soon as likened to the Cheshire Cat’s) and boy-next-door enchantment endeared him to audiences and elevated ballet’s enchantment for boys in a world of tutus and pink toe footwear.
He additionally helped convey ballet to broader audiences, dancing on Ed Sullivan’s present (then known as “Toast of the City”), taking part in necessary roles in a number of Fifties film musicals, together with “Seven Brides for Seven Brothers” and “Carousel,” and performing in interesting “Americana” ballets, like Lew Christensen’s “Filling Station” and Balanchine’s “Who Cares?” He additionally directed, choreographed and wrote various dance movies within the early Nineteen Eighties.
Though Mr. d’Amboise was by no means thought-about a virtuoso dancer, his repertoire was demanding and exceptionally broad, starting from the princely “Apollo” to the swashbuckling Head Cowboy of Balanchine’s “Western Symphony.” He was one of many firm’s most interesting companions, the cavalier to the ballerinas Maria Tallchief, Melissa Hayden, Allegra Kent and Suzanne Farrell, amongst many others.
Mr. d’Amboise, Clive Barnes wrote in The New York Occasions in 1976, “isn’t just a dancer, he’s an establishment.”
Mr. d’Amboise was astonished when Balanchine invited him to affix Metropolis Ballet in 1949, a yr after the corporate started its first season. He was 15 years outdated. “I can’t do it, I’ve to complete faculty,” he recalled considering, in his autobiography, “I Was a Dancer” (2011). His father suggested him to change into a stagehand, however his mom was delighted by the thought, and Mr. d’Amboise left faculty to bop professionally, as did his sister Madeleine, identified professionally as Ninette d’Amboise.
Though Balanchine was usually extra interested by creating roles for his feminine dancers than for his male performers, Mr. d’Amboise recognized with many key roles that Balanchine created in ballets like “Western Symphony” (1954), “Stars and Stripes” (1958), “Jewels” (1967), “Who Cares” (1970) and “Robert Schumann’s Davidsbundlertanze” (1980). Early in his profession he additionally created roles in ballets by John Cranko and Frederick Ashton and received reward for them. (“Balanchine was peeved” in regards to the Cranko fee, he wrote in his autobiography.)
In a 2018 interview, the Metropolis Ballet dancer Adrian Danchig-Waring described the qualities that Mr. d’Amboise had embodied as a dancer: “There’s this machismo that’s generally required onstage — that bravura, that swagger, that confidence, and all of us must be taught to domesticate that, and but it’s such an enormous canon of labor. Inside that, there are poets and dreamers and animals. Jacques is a reminder that each one of that may be contained in a single physique.”
Mr. d’Amboise was born Joseph Jacques Ahearn on July 28, 1934, in Dedham, Mass., a suburb of Boston, to Andrew and Georgiana (d’Amboise) Ahearn. His father’s mother and father have been immigrants from Galway, Eire; his mom was French Canadian. Seeking work, his mother and father moved the household to New York Metropolis, the place his father discovered a job as an elevator operator at Columbia Presbyterian Hospital. The household settled in Washington Heights, in Higher Manhattan. To maintain Jacques, as he was identified, off the streets, his mom enrolled him, at age 7, and his sister Madeleine in Madam Seda’s ballet courses on 181st Road.
After six months, the siblings moved to the College of American Ballet, based in 1934 by Balanchine and Lincoln Kirstein. Energetic and athletic, Jacques took to the bodily challenges of ballet instantly, and after lower than a yr was chosen by Balanchine for the position of Puck in a manufacturing of “A Midsummer Night time’s Dream.”
He wrote in his autobiography of how his mom’s resolution had modified his life: “What a unprecedented factor for a avenue boy with buddies in gangs. Half grew as much as change into policemen and the opposite half gangsters — and I turned a ballet dancer!”
In 1946, his mom persuaded his father to alter the household title from Ahearn to d’Amboise. Her rationalization, Mr. d’Amboise wrote in “I Was a Dancer,” was that the title was aristocratic and French and “sounds higher for the ballet.”
After becoming a member of Metropolis Ballet, Mr. d’Amboise was quickly dancing solo roles, together with the lead in Lew Christensen’s “Filling Station,” which led to an invite from the movie director Stanley Donen to affix the solid of “Seven Brides for Seven Brothers” (1954).
In 1956 he married the Metropolis Ballet soloist Carolyn George, who died in 2009. Along with his daughter Charlotte, he’s survived by their two sons, George and Christopher, a choreographer and former Metropolis Ballet principal dancer; one other daughter, Catherine d’Amboise (she and Charlotte are twins); and 6 grandchildren. Two brothers and his sister died earlier than him.
Mr. d’Amboise appeared in featured roles in two movies in 1956 — “Carousel,” showing alongside Gordon MacRae and Shirley Jones, and Michael Curtiz’s “The Finest Issues in Life are Free.” However he remained dedicated to ballet and to Balanchine.
“Individuals mentioned, ‘You might be the following Gene Kelly,’” Mr. d’Amboise mentioned in a 2011 interview with The Los Angeles Occasions. “I didn’t know if I may act, however I knew I could possibly be a terrific ballet dancer, and Balanchine put out the carpet for me.”
His religion was rewarded when, in 1957, Balanchine revived his “Apollo,” the ballet that had marked his first collaboration with Igor Stravinsky, in 1928, and solid Mr. d’Amboise within the title position. For that manufacturing, Balanchine stripped away the unique elaborate costuming, dressing Mr. d’Amboise in tights and a easy fabric draped over one shoulder.
It was a turning level in his profession; dancing, Mr. d’Amboise wrote, “turned a lot extra attention-grabbing, an odyssey in direction of excellence.” The position, he felt, was additionally his story, as Balanchine had defined it to him: “A wild, untamed youth learns the Aristocracy by way of artwork.”
Over the following 27 years, Mr. d’Amboise continued to be a stalwart member of Metropolis Ballet, creating roles and showing in a few of Balanchine’s most necessary ballets, together with “Concerto Barocco,” “Meditation,” “Violin Concerto” and “Actions for Piano and Violin.”
Inspired by Balanchine, he additionally choreographed often for the corporate, though critiques of his work have been largely lukewarm. He wrote in his autobiography that each Balanchine and Kirstein had assured him that he would lead Metropolis Ballet in the future, however Peter Martins and Jerome Robbins took over the corporate after Balanchine’s loss of life in 1983.
Mr. d’Amboise appeared to have been resigned to that consequence: He retired from efficiency the following yr and turned his attentions to Nationwide Dance Institute, which takes dance into public faculties and which he based in 1976.
The institute grew out of the Saturday morning ballet classes for boys that Mr. d’Amboise started to show in 1964, motivated by wanting his two sons to be taught to bop with out being the one boys within the class. The courses expanded to incorporate ladies and moved into quite a few public faculties.
Now the aim is to supply free courses to all, irrespective of the kid’s background or means. As we speak the institute teaches hundreds of New York Metropolis youngsters ages 9 to 14 and is affiliated with 13 dance institutes all over the world. The institute, which has its headquarters in Harlem, the place Mr. d’Amboise lived, was profiled in Emile Ardolino’s 1983 Oscar-winning documentary, “He Makes Me Really feel Like Dancin’.”
“This second chapter introduced one thing extra fulfilling than my profession as a person performer,” Mr. d’Amboise wrote in his autobiography. Recounting the story of a small boy who succeeded, after many makes an attempt, at mastering a dance sequence, he wrote: “He was on the way in which to discovering he may take management of his physique, and from that he can be taught to take management of his life.”
For his contribution to arts training, Mr. d’Amboise obtained a 1990 MacArthur Fellowship, a 1995 Kennedy Honors Award and a New York Governor’s Award, amongst many different honors.
He continued to think about himself as a dancer all his life, however he was additionally a fervent New Yorker. Requested in a 2018 article in The Occasions the place he would love his ashes scattered, he responded, “Unfold me in Occasions Sq. or the Belasco Theater.”