“On behalf of your entire nation and by myself behalf I pray that your entire Kaunda household is comforted as we mourn our First President and true African icon,” the President added.
Kaunda was being handled for an undisclosed sickness at a navy hospital within the capital Lusaka, Lungu’s workplace stated in a press assertion on Monday. His workplace informed Reuters on Tuesday he was being handled for pneumonia.
Kaunda was Zambia’s first president following the southern African nation’s independence from Britain. He dominated from 1964 till 1991 and is named one of many giants within the continent’s battle in opposition to colonialism.
Kaunda is revered for his wrestle for Zambia’s independence, which sought freedom from white minority rule within the Nineteen Fifties.
His agitation to liberate Northern Rhodesia — which might later turn out to be impartial because the Republic of Zambia — from what he described because the “worst type of segregation” from a repressive colonial regime, spurred independence actions throughout Africa.
Kaunda was imprisoned within the late Nineteen Fifties for his troubles. Talking to CNN in 2010, Kaunda stated his imprisonment was rewarding. “I feel I succeeded ultimately but it surely meant going into jail defying unjust legal guidelines, being arrested by the police, crushed up, thrown into jail,” he stated.
Within the early Sixties, Kaunda joined energetic politics shortly after his launch from jail, changing into the chief of the newly shaped United Nationwide Independence Social gathering (UNIP).
Criticized for one-party rule
Following Zambia’s independence in 1964, Kaunda emerged because the nation’s first president and saved his grip on energy for 27 years beneath a one-party rule.
Kaunda was extensively criticized and accused of championing a dictatorship regime over his desire for a one-party system. He informed CNN his choice to uphold a single-party association was justified and never borne out of a dictatorship.
“…I’ve by no means been a dictator. It (a one-party system) was a discount with the folks. However even then I knew it was not the very best factor to do. However in that scenario it was the one manner out,” he defined, stating that Zambia’s liberation from colonialism couldn’t have been achieved with a multi-party system.
“My colleagues and I made a decision we’ll go into one occasion. The rationale for that, there was no manner, no manner in any respect by which we may have fought and defeated colonialism throughout us, with so many events in Zambia at the moment. No manner in any respect,” Kaunda informed CNN.
Kaunda was one of many first African leaders handy over energy peacefully in 1991 after in style protests compelled him to permit multi-party elections, which he misplaced to Fredrick Chiluba.
He was a charismatic politician whose in style beginnings after Zambia’s independence regularly misplaced public assist as his 27-year rule wound down.
He grew to become a beloved African statesman in his post-presidency, dedicating a lot of his time to the battle in opposition to HIV/AIDS, after the illness claimed the lifetime of considered one of his youngsters. He was among the many final residing leaders of Africa’s independence wrestle.
Throughout his time period, he supported Black majority rule in South Africa and present-day Zimbabwe and hosted anti-apartheid leaders in Zambia. His signature safari jacket paired with a proper trouser remains to be generally known as a Kaunda go well with in lots of elements of Africa.
A 21-day interval of nationwide mourning has been declared, Simon Miti, Secretary to the Cupboard and Principal Personal Secretary to the President, introduced on state TV.