Researchers have discovered proof of the oldest identified use of cosmetics primarily based on a mineral at an archaeological website in Slovenia.
Excavating the stays of stone-age settlements close to the fashionable city of Maribor, a world group of archaeologists unearthed a whole lot of ceramic bottles.
Believed at first to be kids’s toys due to their small dimension, chemical evaluation of traces of an unknown substance discovered inside among the bottles revealed that they as soon as contained a mixture of cerussite, beeswax, animal fats and plant oils.
Cerussite is a mineral consisting of lead carbonate (PbCO3) and at present is a crucial ore of lead. Cerussite was a key ingredient in lead paints as much as the early twentieth century. Prior to now, pulverized cerussite was broadly used as a pure pigment as a result of its shiny white colour. Historical Egyptian, Assyrian and Babylonian texts describe cerrussite and different lead-containing minerals as elements for cosmetics, physique lotions, and even drugs.
The ceramic bottles had been most likely used for the storage and transport of pigments, probably cosmetics and/or medicinal merchandise. Lots of the tiny bottles had been discovered with lengthy skinny stone instruments close by, probably used to extract the pasty substance from the bottle and apply it onto the pores and skin.
The bottles from Slovenia have been dated again to a time between 4350 and 4100 BCE, predating historic Egypt by 1000 years and Babylon by 2000 years. They’re by far the oldest identified proof of a mineral used for beauty/medicinal goal in Europe.