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Saturday, June 12, 2021

Years of Unheeded Warnings. Then the Subway Crash Mexico Metropolis Had Feared.

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MEXICO CITY — The capital had been bracing for the catastrophe for years.

Ever because it opened almost a decade in the past, the most recent Mexico Metropolis subway line — a heralded enlargement of the second largest subway system within the Americas — had been plagued with structural weaknesses that led engineers to warn of potential accidents. But apart from a short, partial shutdown of the road in 2014, the warnings went unheeded by successive governments.

On Monday night time, the mounting issues turned deadly: A subway practice on the Golden Line plunged about 50 toes after an overpass collapsed beneath it, killing at the very least 24 folks and injuring dozens extra.

The accident — and the federal government’s failure to behave sooner to repair identified issues with the road — instantly set off a political firestorm for 3 of essentially the most highly effective folks in Mexico: the president and the 2 folks broadly believed to be front-runners to succeed him as leaders of the governing occasion and presumably, the nation.

The crash occurred at 10:22 p.m. on one of many latest stretches of observe within the subway system, the Golden Line, additionally known as Line 12, which was inaugurated in 2012. Almost 1 / 4 of one million passengers experience Line 12 daily, officers mentioned.

Native residents had expressed concern in regards to the structural integrity of the overpass, together with cracks within the concrete, after a strong earthquake devastated components of the town in September 2017.

Staff employed to function and keep the subway system issued over a dozen complaints to move authorities over time, which they mentioned have been all ignored.

“This might have been averted,” mentioned Homero Zavala, a consultant of a union of Mexico Metropolis’s subways employees. “If us employees have been actually listened to by this administration, loads of issues could be averted.”

However authorities ignored the employees’ calls for correct upkeep, he added, and a few of those that spoke out — together with Mr. Zavala — have been fired.

Harrowing video of the accident confirmed the overpass immediately collapsing in a bathe of sparks, sending up a cloud of particles as one of many practice automobiles smashed right into a automobile on the street under.

Emergency employees scrambled to entry the tilted practice automobiles mendacity amid tangled wires and twisted metallic, finally pulling dozens of individuals from the wreckage and transporting greater than 70 folks to hospitals with accidents. A lot of the 24 individuals who have been killed within the crash have been discovered lifeless on web site by rescue crews, officers mentioned.

Determined relations flocked to the scene for information of their family members, whereas others scoured metropolis hospitals and looked for any scrap of reports on social media in hopes of discovering their members of the family.

“I’m in search of my son,” Marisol Tapia advised reporters via sobs. “I can’t discover him wherever.”

Hours later, her 13-year-old son, Brandon Giovani Hernández Tapia, was nonetheless lacking.

“I went to all of the hospitals and so they say he’s not there,” she advised reporters gathered on the crash web site on Tuesday. “The metro wasn’t constructed by itself — this flaw has been there for a very long time and nobody did something.”

A complete of 79 injured folks had been taken to hospitals, three of whom later died, in keeping with Claudia Sheinbaum, the mayor of Mexico Metropolis. Amongst these hospitalized have been three minors.

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador of Mexico has been criticized for imposing strict fiscal austerity measures which have starved the capital of the cash it must rebuild the troubled subway system whereas splurging on pet initiatives, together with almost 1,000 miles of railway stretching throughout Mexico.

Quickly after taking workplace, he additionally stopped the development of a half-built airport {that a} rival occasion had began to construct for Mexico Metropolis. Though the federal government had already spent billions of {dollars} on the airport, Mr. López Obrador scrapped it to begin constructing one other airport at a special location, reimagining the undertaking in his title.

These investments have come on the expense of Mexico’s extra pressing infrastructure wants, together with fixing Mexico Metropolis’s water issues and its subway system, a key mode of transportation for the sprawling capital’s inhabitants of almost 22 million.

Within the aftermath of Monday’s catastrophe, two of Mr. López Obrador’s closest allies got here below quick scrutiny: Ms. Sheinbaum, the capital’s mayor, and Marcelo Ebrard, the overseas minister who was mayor when the brand new subway line opened. Each are presumed to be high contenders to run for the presidency when Mr. López Obrador, restricted to at least one time period, steps down in 2024.

The brand new line, which serves the working-class neighborhoods within the capital’s southeast, was constructed by Mr. Ebrard, who was mayor of Mexico from 2006 to 2012. He was accused by critics of dashing to complete development earlier than his time period concluded in an effort to bolster his political legacy. Troubles emerged instantly.

In simply the primary month after the road was inaugurated, there have been 60 mechanical failures on trains or on tracks, in keeping with native media. Trains needed to decelerate over elevated stretches of observe, as a result of engineers feared derailments. A few 12 months later, the town was pressured to briefly shut down a part of the $2 billion line for repairs.

Then after a strong earthquake struck in 2017, Mexico Metropolis transport authorities reported “a structural fault” in one of many metro line’s supporting columns, which had affected its skill to assist heavy weight.

In 2018, senators from the opposition Institutional Revolutionary Social gathering known as for Mexico Metropolis authorities to tell Congress about irregularities within the funding of the subway line’s enlargement. In an official occasion doc, the opposition lawmakers known as the Golden Line a “image of corruption and the misuse of public sources that prevailed throughout that administration.”

The lawmakers cited a congressional inquiry into the defective line which discovered that “the modifications to the essential engineering, to the unique structure with the change of underground stations to elevated stations, severely affected the technical working situations” of the subway line.

Residents residing close to the scene of the accident mentioned authorities employees had mounted the column shortly after the earthquake. However they expressed doubt in regards to the high quality of the reconstruction, after seeing what number of shutdowns and upkeep points the road had over time.

Hernando Manon, 42, was strolling residence from work Monday night time when he felt a tremor and heard a loud crash a number of hundred yards up the road.

“There was a rumbling after which sparks. The lights went out, and we didn’t know what occurred. Then we heard the sirens,” Mr. Manon mentioned, standing just some hundred yards from the location of the accident. “As we approached, we realized that the subway had collapsed.”

Households rushed to the scene, he mentioned, hoping to seek out their family members and yelling on the police demanding to be let via the cordon that they had erected across the wreckage.

Floodlights illuminated the location of the collapse as search and rescue groups tried to seek out survivors within the rubble. Ambulances, firefighters, the navy and Mexico’s forensic division labored to seek out survivors and determine the our bodies till daybreak.

A 2018-2030 Grasp Plan for the subway system detailed main backlogs to the upkeep of tracks and trains and warned that trains might be derailed on the Golden Line except main repairs have been undertaken. It’s unclear whether or not these wanted repairs have been ever carried out.

Since changing into mayor of the capital in 2018, Ms. Sheinbaum, who’s intently aligned with the president’s pursuit of austerity, has presided over cuts to spending on the subway system.

For a 12 months, the town didn’t appoint a director of infrastructure upkeep for the subway system. Ms. Sheinbaum solely crammed the position final week.

The metro has been inflicting complications for Ms. Sheinbaum for years. In 2019, a number of folks have been injured in accidents attributable to mechanical issues on subway escalators, prompting the town to research greater than 400 escalators in stations throughout the capital.

In March 2020, one individual was killed and at the very least 41 others have been injured when two subway trains collided in Mexico Metropolis. Then in January, a fireplace ripped via the subway’s headquarters in downtown Mexico Metropolis, killing a police officer and sending 30 others to hospital.

At a information convention on Tuesday, each Ms. Sheinbaum and Mr. Ebrard confronted harsh questioning from reporters. Publicly, at the very least, the 2 political heavyweights introduced a united entrance.

“We’re in settlement to unravel this and work collectively to seek out the reality and know what prompted this incident,” Ms. Sheinbaum mentioned.

“When you’ve got nothing to cover, you don’t have anything to worry,” Mr. Ebrard mentioned. “Like anybody else, I’m topic to regardless of the authorities decide, however much more in order a high-level official, as somebody who promoted the development of the road.”



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